The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages is an international standard set by linguistic experts within the framework of the Council of Europe. Its objective is to provide language schools and institutions as well as learners with a common reference for teachings, programs and diplomas. If you want to accurately assess your level in French language, the Common European Framework of Reference is an essential tool for both your written and oral skills.
Different levels to determine your skills
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages has three general levels, A, B and C, which are themselves divided into sub-levels:
- Level A: basic user
Level A1: introductory or discovery
Level A2: intermediate or usual
- Level B: independent user
Level B1: threshold level
Level B2: advanced or independent
- Level C: experienced user
Level C1: autonomous
Level C2: mastery
These different levels involve the mastery of specific skills in terms of written and oral expression, comprehension, grammar, conjugation, spelling and vocabulary.
Exams and diplomas
If you wish to officially attest to your French language skills, several diplomas are available depending on the levels mentioned above. The Diplôme en Langue Française –diploma in French language or DELF – A2 thus corresponds to a beginner level, and is mandatory if you wish to obtain your first residence permit on French territory. This level can also be obtained through a language test such as the Test de Connaissance du français, (French knowledge test, TCF), or the Test d’évaluation du français ( French evaluation test, TEF). If you apply for naturalization, a B1 level is required. For international students who wish to enroll in college, a C1 level is strongly recommended through the DALF, diplôme approfondi en langue française – advanced diploma in French language.
Daily tips for a self-evaluation
Several methods to use on a daily basis allow you to self-assess your level in French language. These little tips allow you to determine your level on your own before selecting the courses or diploma that suit you. For example, you can choose to watch films in French thanks to platforms such as Netflix, Disney+ or Amazon Prime, which also allow you to choose the subtitles of your choice. Listening to francophone artists is also a pleasant way to evaluate your understanding of the language. But the best way to assess your knowledge of the French language is to communicate daily with French speakers who can, if necessary, help you with your pronunciation and enrich your vocabulary.